Ballads are an integral part of literature; they cannot be separated. To show the relations and intentions of the two, this exhibition integrates related relics and focuses on factors such as songs, lyrics, books, musical instruments and notations, etc., in order to reveal the multiple cultures in Taiwan. The themes are divided into four parts: “Nursery rhymes / Children’s ballads”, “Folk songs / Folk rhymes”, “Creative songs” and “Other ballads”. Multimedia facilities are applied to restore the sounds and images in the original spaces and times. The exhibition presents the functions of ballads that chant and record the literary history. Aesthetics and amusement result from the interaction of the two elements.