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History of NMTL
History of Taiwan Literature
Classic Literature
1652 ■ Shen Guang-wen, regarded as Taiwan's first poet, of Mingtaipu Temple arrived in Taiwan in the late Ming dynasty Koxinga era.
1685 ■ Shen Guang-wen, Li Ling-guang and others establish Dong Poetry Society .
■ A Confucian school established in Tainan Confucian temple by the Taiwan Prefecture.
1697 ■ Yu Yong-he of Renhe, Zhejiang arrived in Taiwan to mine sulfur and stayed for eight months.
■ Yu Yong-he's 「Small Sea travel diaries : Yu Yonghe's records of Taiwan」 publishe.
1823 ■ Cheng Yong-hsi of Hsinchu became a jinshi imperial examination metropolitan graduateand was called Taiwan's first jinshi.
1895 ■ The Treaty of Shimonoseki signed between the Qing government of China and Japan, ceding Taiwan to Japan.
■ Taiwan Republic established by bureaucrats and gentlemen to continue the struggle against Japan.
■ The Japanese military held a ceremony to mark the start of Japanese rule in Taipei.
■ The Taiwan Republic collapses
1896 ■ 「Taiwan News」 established in Taipei.
1898 ■ 「 Taiwan Hsinhsin News」 established in Taipei. Chang Tai-yan (Bing Ling) moved to Taiwan to edit the 「Chinese column」 .
■ Governor-General Kodama Gentaro held the first 「old peoples' banquet, holding a banquet for Taiwanese people over 80 years
old and celebrating their longevity by reading poetry.
■ The Japanese established the 「Jade Mountain Poetry Society」
1899 ■ Second banquet for old people held in Changhua
■The Governor-General Kodama Gentaro invited poets from all over Taiwan to a poetry reading in his alternative official residence
「South Garden」. This was published as 「South Garden Poetry Collection」 the next year (edited by 籾山衣洲)
■ The Third banquet for old people held in Tainan.
■ The Governor General's Office published a book containing the speeches made to the second and third banquet for old people and
works written for the occasion by the public in 「Record of banquets for old people」.
1902 ■ Lin Chi-hsian and Lin You-chun established the Li Society in Wufeng, Taichung.
1909 ■ The Taiwan branch of the Toyo Association established the 「Taiwan Times」.
■ The 「Ying Society」 was established by literati in north Taiwan.
1911 ■ Liang Chi-chao visited Taiwan after going to Japan. He visited Lin Hsian-tang in Wufeng and often read poetry together with the
members of the Li Society.
1919 ■ 「Taiwan Art and Culture」 published.
■ 「Taiwan Times」 published by the Governor-General's Office.
1920 ■ 「Taiwan Youth」, mainly staffed by students from Taiwan studying in Tokyo, established .
■ Lian Ya-tang published 「General History of Taiwan」 book 1 and 2.
■ Lin Hsian-tang and Tsai Hui-ru etc plan establishment of a Taiwan Assembly.
■Sato Haruo visited Taiwan and carried out novel research.
New literature (infancy)
1922 ■ Issue 1, book 4 of 「Taiwan Youth」 carried Chen Rui-ming's 「Advocating the use of daily use language」 and sets off a Taiwan
vernacular language 台灣白話文movement .
■ Fan Ben-liang and 31 other students from Taiwan studying in Beijing established the 「Beijing Taiwan Youth Association」,
echoing Taiwan Cultural Association.
■ 「Taiwan Youth」 renamed 「Taiwan」.
1923 ■ 「Taiwan Peoples' News」 established. It described itself as 「The only opinion organ for Taiwanese」. Originally it was a
bi-weekly but from October was published every 10 days and, from June the year after, was a weekly.
■ Taiwan Vernacular Research Association established.
■ 「Shanghai Taiwan Youth Association」 established by Chang Wo-jun and other overseas students from Taiwan.
■ Lai He-yin arrested and imprisoned.
1924 ■ Taiwan's 9th Governor-General Uchida Kakichi held a national poets' convention and published a collection of poems 「New
Year Idea-expressing Poems」.
■ Lian Ya-tang established 「Taiwan Poetry Collection」.
■ Yi Lang (Chang Wo-jun) publishes 「Terrible Taiwan literature」 in Taiwan Peoples' Daily, setting of the 「old and new literature
debating battle」.
1925 ■Yang Yun-ping and Jiang Meng-bi established vernacular art and culture magazine 「Ren Ren」. It is Taiwan's first vernacular literary magazine.
New literature (Maturity)
1926 ■ Lai Yun (Lai He) published 「becoming part of the bustle鬪鬧熱」 in Taiwan Peoples' Daily, using Western literary methods to reflect the real live of Taiwanese.
■ Lai He became chief editor of the 「Art & Culture column of 「Taiwan Peoples' Daily」
■ Chang Shen-chie organized 「Guangdong Taiwan Revolutionary Youth Corps in Guangdong.e.
1927 ■ Tsai Pei-huo advocated the use of the Roman alphabet
■ Taiwan Cultural Association split
■ Su Wei-lin, Hong Yan-chiu, Song Wen-rui, Chang Wo-jun and Wu Dun-li established 「Youth Taiwan」 in Beijing」
■ Taiwan's Guangdong Taiwan Revolutionary Youth Corps established and established 「Taiwan Pioneer」
■ 「Taiwan Peoples' News」 published in Taiwan
■ 11th Governor-General Kamiyama Mitsunoshin] held a national poets' convention and published a poetry collection "East Pavilion Poetry」
1930 ■ Chinese language poets from all over Taiwan held a poetry reading in Taichung Hall.
■ 「Taiwan Peoples' News」 changed name to Taiwan New People's News」
■ "Taiwan New Peoples' News」 featured a Sunlight column that invites poetry submissions from the public from its 334th issue, edited by Lai He.
■ Huang Shi-hui's 「Why not advocate native soil literature」 serialized in 「Wu Ren News」 and spark off a native soil literature debate.。
1931 ■ 29 people including 別所孝二、井手勳、藤原千三郎 and 10 people including Wang Shi-lang and Chang Wei-hsian form the Taiwan Art and Cultural Writers' Association.
■ Guo Chiu-sheng's 「Proposal for the construction of Taiwan vernacular」 is serialized in 「Taiwan News」 and set of a Taiwan vernacular debate
■ Taiwan Art and Culture Writers' Association record 「Literature Taiwan」 is established, with別所孝二as editor. It published six issues in total.
1932 ■ 「Southern tone」 edited by Huang Chen-cheng is established and its 「Taiwanese language discussion column」 sparked off a debate between Lai Ming-hong, Huang Chun-cheng, Huang Shi-hui and Chaung Chui-hsing
■ Taiwan Art Research Association established by students from Taiwan, including Wu Kun-huang, Chang Wen-huan, Su Wei-hsiung and Wang Bai-yuan, in Tokyo.
■ 「Taiwan New Peoples News」 weekly became a daily
■ Tokyo Taiwan Art Research Association issued 「Taiwan Art and Culture」 institutional record, edited by Wu Kun-huang. Two issues were published in all.
1933 ■ Tokyo Taiwan Art Research Association established 「Formosa」, edited by Su Wei-hsiung.
■ Guo Chiu-shen, Liao Han-chen, Huang Teh-shi, Chen Jun-yu and Lin Ke-fu established the Taiwan Art and Culture Association」 in Taipei, with Guo Chiu-sheng elected as chairman.
1934 ■ 「Taiwan Art and Cultural League」 established in Taichung and held Taiwan's first island-wide art and culture conference. It is Taiwan's first national art and cultural group.
■ He Chun-hsi's 「Diaoshanzi」 貂山子is published in 「Taiwan New Peoples' News」. It advocated native soil literature and the use of 「phonetic symbols」 (Roman alphabet and Chinese character radicals) to construct a Taiwan writing system, and sparking off debate once again.
■ Yang Da's 「Paper Delivery Man」 won second prize (first prize left vacant) in the Literary Criticism magazine's No 8 issue, 1 st book, becoming the first author to have a work published in a Japanese art and cultural magazine.
■ 「Taiwan Art and Cultural League」 established 「Taiwan Art and Culture」 which publishes 16 issues in all.
New literature (War time)
1937 ■ Chinese columns removed from all Taiwan's newspapers and magazines
■ Long Ying-tsung's first book 「The village of papaya trees」 was selected as a work of merit by 「Reformation」 magazine's issue 4, book 17.
■ The Taiwan edition of Japan' s Osaka Asahi Shimbun added a 「South island art and culture column.」
■ Wind-Moon Club published the Wind-Moon News, the only Chinese magazine published after newspapers and magazines were banned from using Chinese by the Japanese government.
1941 ■ Chang Wen-huan and others established 「Literature Taiwan」.
■ The Pacific War breaks out and a temporary state of emergency begins in Taiwan.
■ 「Wind-Moon News」 changed name to 「South」.
1942 ■ 1st Greater East Asian Literary Writers Convention held in Tokyo. Taiwan represented by Hs Chuan-man,濱田隼雄, Chang Wen-huan, Long Ying-tsong.
■ The Greater East Asian Literary Writers Convention held 「Greater East Asian Art & Culture Conference」 in Taipei, organized by Taiwan Art and Culture Association.
1943 ■ Chang Wen-huan's 「Night Monkey」, Hsi Chuan-man's 「Record of Chikan Tower」 and 濱田隼雄's 「Southern immigrant village」 won the Tribute to the Emperor Society's Literature Award.
■ Chan Wen-huan awarded Taiwan Culture Award by the Governor-General's Office.
■ 2nd Greater East Asian Literary Writers Convention held in Tokyo. Taiwan represented by Chi Teng-yong, Chang Chi-hao, Yang Yun-ping and Chou Jin-po
■ Chen Huo-chuan's 「Way」 published in Issue 3, Book 6 of Taiwan Art & Culture
■ Wang Hsu-hsiung's 「Rush」 published in Issue 3, book 3 of Taiwan Literature
■ Sponsored by the Intelligence Department of the Governor's office the 「Taiwan Literature Association」 held the 「Taiwan decisive battle literature conference」.
■ Lu He-ruo and Chou Jin-po win the first Taiwan Literature Award.
1945 ■「The decisive Battle for Taiwan Novel Collection」 published. It is the last novel collection published in Taiwan under Japanese rule.
The 1940s (after the end of World War II)
1945 ■ 「Peoples' News」 established.
■ 「Taiwan New Life News」 and 「Political & Economic News」 established.
Governor Office of Taiwan Province was established and Chen Yi appointed first Chief Executive of Taiwan.
■ 「Hsinhsin」 established.
1946 ■ 「Chunghwa Daily」 established.
■ Long Ying-tsung became editor of the Chunghwa Daily's Japanese art and culture column.
■ 「Taiwan Culture」 established, with Yang Yun-ping as Chief Editor.
1947 ■ The February 28th Incident occurred.
■ 「New Life News」 supplement 「Bridge」 was established, with Ge Lei ( Shi Hsi-mu) as chief editor.
■ 「Independence Evening News」 established.
■ 「Taiwan Tribune」 and 「Keng Sheng Daily News」 established.
1948 ■ Yang Da becomes chief editor of 「Literature Taiwan」 magazine.
■ 「New Life New」 supplement 「Bridge」 advocated 「Realist popular literature」.
■ 「Mandarin Daily News」 established.
1949 ■ Central Daily News officially published in Taipei.
■ 「New Life News」 supplement 「Bridge」 ceased publication.
■ The Garrison Command announced martial law.
■ 「New Life Daily」's supplement began discussing 「Combat Art and culture」.
■ 「Free China」 established.
■ The KMT government official withdrew the central government to Taiwan.
The 1950s
1950 ■ 「Restrictions on news magazines during the martial law period in Taiwan」 announced.
■ Chunghwa Art & Culture Awards Committee」 established.
■ Chinese Writers' & Artists' Association established.
■ 「China Times 「 established.
■ General Political department, Ministry of National defense established 「Military Digest magazine」.
■ News publications banned from having Japanese pages
■ 「Public Daily News」 established.
■ With the 「taking art and culture into the military」 as the slogan, the Chinese Writers' & Artists' Association promoted writing by servicemen, nurturing 「soldier-writers」.
1952 ■ Literary Star (Wenshing) book store opened.
■ 「Cultural Forum」 monthly established.
■ 「Youth Warrior Daily」 established.
■ China Anti-Communist Youth League officially established.
■ Taipei Wenwu台北文物established.
■ Liao Ching-hsiu's 「Blood and Tears of Revenge」 恩仇血淚記》won 3rd prize in the long novel category in the Chunghwa Art and Culture Awards.
1954 ■ 「Crown」 established.
■ Tan Tse-hao, Yu Guang-chung and others established 「Blue Star Poetry Society and published irregular 「Blue Star」.
■ 「Youth Literary」 established 「Chunghwa Art & Culture」 monthly established.
■ The Chinese Writers' & Artists' Association established 「Cultural Cleansing Movement Promotion Committee」 to promote cultural cleansing.
■ 「Genesis Poetry Society」 founded by Luo Fu, Chang Mo and Ya Hsian.
1956 ■ 「Modern School」 established by Chi Hsuan in Taipei.
■ Chung Li-he's 「Li mountain farm」 wins the Chunghwa Art & Culture Awards' second prize in long novel category.
■ Hsia Chi-an established 「Literature Magazine」.
1957 ■ Chung Chiao-cheng printed the 「Friends of Literature Bulletin」 using a mimeograph to bring together the works of Taiwanese authors.
■ 「United Daily Pages」 changed name to 「United Daily News」.
■ Chinese PEN re-established in Taipei ( originally established in Shanghai in 1930).
■ 「Blue Star Selected Poetry」 established but ceased publication on October 25.
■ 「Literary Star」 magazine established.
The 1960s
1961 ■ 「Blue Star」 quarterly established.
■ 「Literary Star」 magazine published Li Ao's 「Old man and club」 official starting the 「Chinese-Western cultural debating battle」.
1963 ■ 「Chunghwa Magazine」 established.
■ 「Literary Star collection」 published.
1964 ■ Lin Heng-tai established the Li Poetry Society.
■ 「Taiwanese Literature」 established by Wu Chuo-liu, becoming an important spiritual pillar for Taiwanese artists.
■ 「Taiwan Daily」 established.
■ 「Li」 Poetry Magazine established.
1965 ■ Wu Chuo-liu established the 「Taiwan Literature Award」.
■ 「Novel Writing」 established.
■ 「L'europe」 established.
1966 ■ I st Taiwan Literature Awards. Chi Deng-sheng, Chung Tie-min, Chung Chiao-cheng, Chao Yan-hsun and Liao Ching-hsiu won Merit Awards.
■ 「Sun Yat-sen Memorial Literary Award」 established.
■ Bibliography Quarterly established.
■ 「Literature Quarterly」 established.
1967 ■ 「Pure Literature」magazine established.
■ 2nd Taiwan Literature Award presented.
■ 「Economic Daily News」 established.
■ Chinese Cultural Renaissance Movement promotion committee established.
■ 「Clear Stream」 monthly established.
1968 ■ 3rd Taiwan Literature Award presented.
■ Chinese Writers' & Artists' Association awards the ninth art and culture medals.
1969 ■ 4th Taiwan Literature Award won by Chen Ching-wen's 「Door」.
■ 「Art & Culture Magazine」 established.
■ 「Wu Chuoliu Literature Foundation」 established.
■ 1 st Li Poetry Award」 award given to Chou Meng-die (creativity), Li Ying-hao ) criticism) and Chen Chien-wu (translation).
The 1970s
1971 ■ Chunghua Culture & Art established.
■ Taiwan Times established.
■ 「Wu Chuo-liu New Poetry Award」 established.
1972 ■Chungwai Literary Monthly established.
■」Book Review and Bibliography」 established.
1974 ■ 「Chungwai Literary Monthly」 Issue 1, Volume 3 published a 「Modern poetry special issue」.
■ 「 University Magazine」 holds a symposium on New Taiwanese literature during the Japanese colonial period and the Anti-Japanese Movement.
1975 ■ The National Culture & Art Awards established.
■ 「Literary Criticism」 established.
1976 ■ 「China Tide」 established.
■ 「United Daily News Literature Award」 established.
1977 ■ 「Taiwanese Literature」 No. 1 issue after reform was a Chung Li-he special issue.
■ "Cactus」 magazine's 「Native soil and reality」 special issue sparked off the 「Taiwan native soil literature debating war」
1978 Wu San- Lien Foundation founded.
■ The 「China Times Literature Award」 established.
1979 ■ 「Formosa」 magazine established. Ordered to cease publication in November after four issues published.
■ 「Independence Evening News」 begins organizing the 「 Salt Belt Art & Culture camp」 continuing the promotion of the Jiali writing style that had been earlier promoted by Wu Hsing-rong and advocating native soil literature ideas.
■ Formosa Incident in Kaohsiung.
Post 1980
1981 ■ Asia Chinese Writers' Conference held in Taipei.
1982 ■ 「Literature Taiwan」 magazine was established.
■ Wang Shi-lang won the National Culture and Arts Award.
■ Scholars and authors living overseas established the 「Taiwan Literature Research Association」 in Los Angeles.
■ The 「North American Taiwan Art & Culture Association」 was established in Los Angeles.
1983 ■ The 「Independence Evening News 1 million novels」 contest was held.
■ 「Taiwan Poetry」 quarterly was established.
■ The Cultural Affairs Department of the KMT established the criticism magazine 「Wenhsun」.
■ The Chung Li Ho Memorial Museum was officially established.
1984 ■ 「Unitas」 established.
1985 ■ 「Wenxuejia」 and 「Renjian」 were established.
1987 ■ Taiwan Pen Association was established.
■ Martial Law was lifted.
1988 ■ Media restrictions were lifted.
1991 ■ 「Literary Taiwan」 was established.
1994 ■ 「Lai He and writers in his era──International Conference on Taiwan literature during the Japanese colonial period」 held in National Tsing Hua University. The papers presented during the conference were later published as 「Awakening Taiwan Literature」 in Japan ( Toho-shoten, 1995).
1997 ■ The National Center for Research and Preservation of Cultural Properties Planning Office established, responsible for planning the National Center for Research and Preservation of Cultural Properties and the National Museum of Taiwan Literature.
■ Aletheia University's Department of Taiwan Literature begun enrolling students, representing the official inclusion of Taiwan literature in the college system.
2000 ■ National Cheng-kung University's Graduate Institute of Taiwan Literature was established, representing the further development of Taiwan literature research.
2003 ■ The National Museum of Taiwan Literature officially opened under the name 「National Museum of Taiwan Literature Planning Office」, becoming a center for Taiwan literature research, collecting and exhibiting.
2006 ■ 「Moving Towards the People—Three Giants of Russian Literature Special Exhibition」 was held in the National Museum of Taiwan Literature for the first time.
2007 ■ 「National Museum of Taiwan Literature」 officially became the body's name.
2008 ■The National Museum of Taiwan Literature's first international exhibition -- 「The charm of the National Museum of Taiwan Literature –A multi-colored world of literature」, was jointly organized with Kanagawa Museum of Modern Literature.
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